Carmel Williams is a research consultant on the Human Rights, Big Data and Technology Project at the Human Rights Centre of the University of Essex. She is exploring the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) projects on health systems in low- and middle-income countries. Her first case study is in India, where AI is being used to identify pregnant women at risk of having pre-term deliveries. Previously Carmel was a senior research officer on this project, working in the health stream. To date she has published two papers and two book chapters from research in this project, including: Carmel Williams, Daniel Exeter, Sheree Gibb, & Paul Hunt: Using Big Data to Demonstrate Indivisibility of Rights and Promote Cross-Sectoral Responses to the Sustainable Development Goals, Journal of Human Rights Practice, 2019, 1–12, and Carmel Williams & Paul Hunt (2017): Neglecting human rights: accountability, data and Sustainable Development Goal 3, The International Journal of Human Rights, Volume 21, Issue 8: pp1113-1143.
Carmel is the Executive Editor of the Health and Human Rights Journal and has written extensively on issues around health, human rights and sustainable development. She completed a PhD in community health from the School of Population Health, University of Auckland in 2010. Her research was driven from fieldwork she undertook while the Executive Director of a health NGO, working throughout the Pacific region, including in Papua New Guinea and Timor-Leste. Carmel held that position for eight years after completing a Master of Arts (First Class Honors) in Development Studies.